2013年9月30日 星期一

格蘭哥尼酒廠故事

(未成年請勿飲酒)

Glengoyne
格蘭哥尼
The Glengoyne distillery sits at the foot of Dumgoyne Hill near Loch Lomond. The distillery burn, as it is known, tumbles down the Dumgoyne Hill providing water for the 1.1 million litre capacity whisky distillery. In the past, the woodlands and undulations which covered the surrounding area gave superb shelter for the illegitimate distillations that were brought about by heavy spirit taxation.
格蘭哥尼蒸餾廠臨近Loch LomondDumgoyne山腳下,利用Dumgoyne山流下的水源,蒸餾消耗110萬公升的水。過去,蒸餾威士忌可是會被課與非常高的酒稅,所以林地遮蔽且地形起伏掩飾下提供了私釀最佳掩護!

During the early 19th century, it is rumoured, there were as many as eighteen illicit Stills in the area. The whisky that came from these Stills was taken to the local blacksmith, who filled earthenware pots with the rough, wild spirit and employed local girls to walk the 14 miles to Glasgow with the whisky concealed beneath their hooped skirts. The dense woodland once provided shelter for Rob Roy MacGregor who secreted himself in a little hollow when pursued by the English army.
19世紀初期,傳言這一區域的私釀酒廠有18間,作好的威士忌通常蒸餾廠會將酒賣給當地鐵匠,鐵匠會再分裝這些非常粗糙、非常烈的酒裝於陶壺中,雇用當地女孩走14英哩路到格拉斯哥,而酒就偷偷藏在女孩們舊時穿著的裙環中。其實,蘇格蘭分布的濃密林地也為當時一個有名的劫富濟貧山賊” Rob Roy MacGregor”提供了很好的藏匿,躲避在洞穴中以逃過英國官兵的追捕。


In 1833, the local farmer, George Connell was granted the license to legally produce whisky in the area. He founded the Burnfoot Distillery, which became Glenguin Distillery in 1861, then, in 1906, became Glengoyne. The previous owners Lang Brothers were acquired by Robertson and Baxter. The distillery was renovated and a further still was installed. In 1984, Lang Brothers received a Royal Warrant, having supplied whisky to the Queen Mother. In April of 2003, Ian MacLeod acquired Lang's blended products and the Glengoyne distillery from the Edrington Group for £7.2 million.
直到1833年,格蘭哥尼才由當地農夫就任首位酒廠經理George Connell,正式獲得了合法生產威士忌的證照。首先成立的酒廠名稱Burnfoot,到了1861年更名為格蘭哥恩(Glenguin)蒸餾廠,到了1906年變成今日我們所知的格蘭哥尼(Glengoyne)。在蘭恩兄弟家族(Lang Brothers)接手前尚有經營者如RobertsonBaxter。在這過程中蒸餾廠歷經修繕、新增設蒸餾器。到了1984年,蘭恩兄弟家族獲得了伊麗莎白女王母親的勳章,提供威士忌給皇室。直到20034月由現今的伊恩麥克勞德(Ian MacLeod)家族接下蘭恩家族的調和威士忌生產、從愛丁頓集團(Edrington Group)手中以英鎊720萬買下格蘭哥尼蒸餾廠。

The water is unpeated and the malt used its similarly devoid of peat. Glengoyne is one of several such whiskies in Scotland, but is the one that has made the biggest virtue of it. Glengoyne enjoys the slowest rate of distillation in Scotland (the spirit comes from the Still at around 4-5 litres per minute) which encourages the formation of ‘esters’ giving Glengoyne its characteristically sweet, smooth taste.
格蘭哥尼使用的水跟大麥都強調無沾染泥煤,以蘇格蘭威士忌來說,格蘭哥尼是秉持這樣原則的其中一間,但卻是將這個原則發揮最大的酒廠。眾所皆知,格蘭哥尼為全蘇格蘭最慢速蒸餾器的酒廠(平均每分鐘蒸餾速度為4-5公升),這一個緩慢過程有助於的形成,帶給格蘭哥尼威士忌香甜、滑順的的口感。

The spirit is then matured in oak casks from Spain which have previously contained Sherry. Ian Macleod Distillers look after this whole process. Once felled, the oak is cut into strips and dried in the sunshine of northern Spain for two years before being made into casks and filled with the Dry Oloroso Sherry for a further two years.
使用來自於西班牙雪莉酒的橡木桶陳年威士忌,伊恩麥克勞德(Ian MacLeod)蒸餾廠不惜買下整雪莉酒生產鏈,從橡木自然倒下到刨成條狀、乾燥於北西班牙的艷陽下長達兩年,接下來塑型成橡木桶、充填歐洛羅梭(Oloroso)雪莉酒使吸收香氣兩年。

The little huddle of distillery buildings is still under Ian Macleod proprietorship and there have been many official releases, though independent bottlings are rather rare. The distillery operates a visitor centre which offers the widest range of visits in Scotland, including Master Classes, Blending Sessions and the opportunity to taste samples from the cask and help Glengoyne select the first ever Distillery Exclusive Single Cask release.
伊恩麥克勞德(Ian MacLeod)蒸餾廠經營下的酒廠建築為小型聚落般,也有一些官方的釋出,因為獨立裝瓶廠真的相當稀少。蒸餾廠內也設有遊客中心提供全蘇格蘭最齊全的酒廠之旅,包含如何發麥、威士忌調配等等以及有機會品嘗陳年橡木桶中珍貴的原酒,幫助格蘭哥尼挑選出獨家的單一桶獨家威士忌喔!

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